- What to see
- Plan your trip
Cefalù’s Rocca, which constitutes a noteworthy presence in the surrounding landscape, is a limestone promontory, with a great naturalistic, geological and historical value. This elevation dominates over Cefalù’s city centre. The city’s Greek toponym Kεφλοιδίων is related to its presence and its peculiar morphology. The presence of human beings on the promontory since prehistoric and proto-historic times has been documented, and it is also proved by the existence on the promontory of the megalithic building called “Diana’s Temple”. The Rocca acquired a very important role in Byzantine times, when a residential area developed here, causing the partial depopulation of the old urban area below. The castle built on its top, at 263 metres above sea level, was probably adapted to a previous construction. The castle majestic defensive walls are almost three kilometres long and 130 metres above sea level. In 1991, thanks to an exploration and restoration campaign, the original downstream dyke was found, on top of which in 1533-34 a second layer was built.
The characteristic crenelated medieval walls, which enclose the Rocca and give it a unique look, were rebuilt on the east side, whereas the section built over the natural precipice, is still almost entirely well preserved.